Middle East and North Africa
The Middle East and North Africa remains one of the world's political and humanitarian hotspots characterized by local and regional conflicts as well as complex and unresolved problems of refugees and internally displaced.
With millions of refugees and IDP's and ongoing political unrest, the Middle East represents a serious humanitarian challenge and therefore a key area of concern for the DRC. The recent scale of displacement, as a result of the crisis in Syria and Iraq, has significantly increased the challenges in the region.
The humanitarian consequences of a protracted displacement, as well as the on-going violence and instability in Syria, Iraq, Libya and across the region, have resulted in a major humanitarian catastrophe. In light of this DRC has become one of the leading aid and protection providers amongst humanitarian organizations in the region.
DRC has been present in the Middle East since late 2003 and was one of the first international humanitarian organizations able to provide assistance following the invasion of Iraq in 2003. Over the years the program has developed in both geographical spread and the types of assistance provided following the multiple conflict-induced displacement in the region.
DRC currently has presence and operations in Iraq, Syria, Lebanon, Jordan, Turkey, Tunisia, Algeria and Libya. DRC is addressing the needs of the most vulnerable Iraqi, Palestinian, Libyan and Syrian refugees, IDPs, returnees and migrants in the region.
In North Africa, DRC has addressed the mixed migration flows in Libya as well as the numbers crossing the border between Libya and Tunisia. DRC along with UNHCR co-leads the Protection Cluster for Western Libya and it plays an active role in protection monitoring and developing tools/policy response for cluster members.
In North Africa, the Danish Demining Group plays a crucial role in demining projects, from some of the new conflicts but also remnants stemming back from WWII.
DRC efforts includes protection, shelter and NFIs (Non Food Items), WASH (Water and Sanitation), livelihoods, food, income generating, humanitarian mine action and Armed Violence Reduction (AVR) activities. DRC works closely with UNHCR and other humanitarian actors supporting refugees and internally displaced as well as the surrounding host communities.