DRC began working in Yemen in 2008 in order to respond to the mixed migration flows from the Horn of Africa. Since then it has expanded its sectors of intervention, and now works in eight governorates throughout the country delivering protection to migrants, IDPs, children and survivors of gender based violence, as well as implementing WASH, shelter rehabilitation, community driven development and social cohesion activities in communities affected by conflict and displacement.
DRC continues to implement a Mixed Migration Programme targeting migrants arriving from the Horn of Africa. DRC’s Protection Teams patrol the Red Sea and Gulf of Aden coastlines to intercept and register new arrivals and provide them with humanitarian assistance, protection monitoring and counselling. The teams also facilitate the registration of those migrants who wish to seek asylum. The Protection Teams gather data regarding the gender, age and specific vulnerabilities of the new arrivals and refer persons of concern to partners for the provision of medical, psychosocial or legal assistance. In addition, DRC works with migrant-hosting communities and local authorities to improve the reception conditions for migrants arriving in Yemen. DRC holds the Secretariat of the Yemen Mixed Migration Task Force (MMTF) which serves as a coordination body for agencies and government entities working with the mixed migration flows – see www.mmyemen.org
DRC implements a wide range of protection activities throughout Yemen. In conflict-affected areas in both the north and south of the country DRC’s teams are working to strengthen community and state mechanisms ensure the protection of children and, in conjunction with DDG, to provide Mine Risk Education training. Additionally, DRC works to address gender-based violence in communities in the north of Yemen. DRC’s teams also conduct profiling and monitoring activities amongst internally displaced people (IDPs) and, where possible, support their safe and dignified return to their homes.
To contribute to the sustainable return of displaced communities DRC works to rehabilitate houses damaged by conflict in Abyan Governorate, using a conditional cash transfer methodology. Where necessary this rehabilitation work is complimented by the construction of latrines and the implementation of hygiene promotion activities. Abyan and neighbouring Lahj are also the locations of DRC’s Community Driven Recovery and Safety project which is implemented in conjunction with DDG and aims to improve the development and security of conflict-prone communities in those governorates.
DRC is a member of the Yemen Nutrition Alliance, formed with Mercy Corps and ACF. Under this Alliance DRC provides schools and health facilities in Hajjah and Hodeidah with improved sanitation and drinking water facilities, as well as providing hygiene training to teachers and communities.
In addition, DRC is working in the southern city of Aden to implement a social cohesion project in the deprived areas of Dar Saad and Sheikh Othman. This project aims to challenge the marginalisation of the residents of these neighbourhoods. In addition, DRC is working in these districts to combat young people’s use of drugs and, by so doing, reduce rates of HIV.
DRC is an active participant of the Protection, WASH, Early Recovery, Food Security and Agriculture and Shelter and NFI clusters and relevant sub-clusters and working groups. In addition, it is on the steering committee of the INGO Forum and sits on the Humanitarian Country Team.